Les nombres de 1 à 100 en français
We have already seen the numbers from 1 to 10 in French.
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Now we will take it to the next level…
Numbers from 10 to 20 in French
The numbers from 10-20 are a little irregular so unfortunately you will just have to learn them by heart.10 – dix11 – onze12 – douze13 – treize14 – quatorze15 – quinze16 – seize17 – dix-sept18 – dix-huit19 – dix-neuf20 – vingt
Numbers from 20 to 69 in French
To write the numbers from 20 to 69 in French, you just add the single number (units) to the tens number.A hyphen is used to join the two numbers together.vingt (20) + deux (2) = vingt-deux (22)trente (30) + sept (7) = trente-sept (37)quarante (40) + neuf (9) = quarante-neuf (49)
vingt et un OR vingt-et-un?
You may see the numbers ending in 1 after the number 20 (21, 31, 41, etc.) with two different spellings.In 1990 a new spelling rule came into place where all numbers made up of two or more words, including large numbers, now need to be joined with hyphens (dashes).21 = vingt et un (orthographe traditionnelle – traditional spelling)21 = vingt-et-un (orthographe rectifiée de 1990 – rectified spelling as of 1990)
Numbers from 70 to 100 in French
The numbers after 69 follow a different rule that what you may be used to.The number 70 in French is soixante-dix. You will notice that it is a combination of soixante (60) + dix (10)The rest of the numbers in the 70s follow the same pattern of 60 + a number from 10-19.
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With the numbers in the 80s, quatre-vingt is used which is like saying 4 twenties (in old English Four score was used instead of eighty thanks to this French influence)80 – quatre-vingts (notice vingts ends in an S)81 – quatre-vingt-un (notice vingt does not end in an S)82 – quatre-vingt-deux83 – quatre-vingt-trois84 – quatre-vingt-quatre85 – quatre-vingt-cinq86 – quatre-vingt-six87 – quatre-vingt-sept88 – quatre-vingt-huit89 – quatre-vingt-neuf
The number 90 in French is quatre-vingt-dix. You will notice that it is a combination of quatre-vingt (80) + dix (10)The rest of the numbers in the 90s follow the same pattern of 80 + a number from 10-19.90 – quatre-vingt-dix91 – quatre-vingt-onze92 – quatre-vingt-douze93 – quatre-vingt-treize94 – quatre-vingt-quatorze95 – quatre-vingt-quinze96 – quatre-vingt-seize97 – quatre-vingt-dix-sept98 – quatre-vingt-dix-huit99 – quatre-vingt-dix-neuf (which is literally 4 x 20 + 19)
Isn’t that easy!